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GDP, Using 2003 National Boundaries (by late Angus Maddison)

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发表于 6-26-2014 17:09:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Angus Maddison, Historical Statistics for the World Economy: 1-2003 AD. Groningen Growth and Development Centre (GGDC), University of Groningen, 2003 (in Microsoft Excel format).
www.ggdc.net/maddison/historical ... al-file_03-2007.xls

……...…………………….Population (000 at mid-year; 1913/1919) …..GDP (million 1990 International Geary-Khamis dollars; 1913/1919) …Per capita GDP (1990 International Geary-Khamis dollars; 1913/1919)
Austria ………………...6,767/ 6,420 ………………………………………………….23,451/ 14,503 …………………………………………………………………………………………..3,465/ 2,259
France ………………..41,463/ 38,700 ……………………………………………..144,489/ 108,800 ………………………………………………………………………………………….3,485/ 2,811
Germany …………...65,058/ 60,547 ……………………………………………..237,322/ 156,591 …………………………………………………………………………………………3,648/ 2,586.
Italy …………………..37,248/ 37,250 ……………………………………………….95,487/ 105,980 …………………………………………………………………………………………..2,564/ 2,845
United Kingdom …45,649/ 46,534 …………...……………………………….224.618/ 226,640 …………………………………………………………………………………………..4,921/ 4,870
Ireland ………………...4,346/ 4,352 ………………………………………………...11,891/ - [no data] ………………………………………………………………………………………2,736/ -
Spain …………………...5,972/ 6,021 ………………………………………………...41,653/ 43,112 …………………………………………………………………………………………...2,056/ 2,044
Australia ……………...4,821/ 5,193 ………………………………………………...24,861/ 24,488 …………………………………………………………………………………………….5,157/ 4,716
Canada ………………...7,852/ 8,548 ………………………………………………...34,916/ 34,357 …………………………………………………………………………………………...4,447/ 4,019
United States ……….97,606/ 105,473 ………………………………………...517,383/ 599,130  …………………………………………………………………………………………5,301/5,680
Russian Federation …..- /- ……………………………………………………………………..-/ -  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………-/-
Argentina ………………..7,653/ 8,672 ……………………………………………….29,060/ 28,683 …………………………………………………………………………………………...3,797/ 3,307
Brazil …………………….23,660/ 26,835 ……………………………………………..19,188/ 24,024 ……………………………………………………………………………………………...811/ 895
Mexico …………………..14,970/ 14,910 ……………………………………………..25,921/ 26,983 ……………………………………………………………………………………………..1,732/ 1,810
China …………………….437,140/ 466,855 …………………………………………241,431/ -  ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..552/ -  
India ………………………303,700/ 305,300 ………………………………………..204,242/ 210,730 …………………………………………………………………………………………..673/ 690
Japan ……………………...51,672/ 55,253 …………………………………………….71,653/ 100,958 …………………………………………………………………………………………..1,387/ 1,827
Philippine ………………….9,384/ 10,522 ……………………………………………….9,272/ 12,757 ………………………………………………………………………………………………..988/ 1,212
S Korea …………………..10,589/ 11.627 ……………………………………………...9,206/ 14,705 ………………………………………………………………………………………………..869/ 1,265
Taiwan ……………………...3,469/ 3.692 ………………………………………………...2,591/ 3,624 ………………………………………………………………………………………………...747/ 982
Hong Kong …………………...487/ 622 ……………………………………………………...623/ -   ……………………………………………………………………………………………………...1,279/ -
Singapore …………………….323/ 380 ………………………………………………………..413/ -   ………………………………………………………………………………………………………1,279/ -

Note:
(a) University of Groningen (located in the city of Groningen, founded in 1614)  Wikipedia
(b) Groningen
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groningen
(capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands)
(c) In the preceding posting, Mark Jefferson’s British India had bigger population in 1914 than China. But British India at the time includes today’s Pakistan, Bangladesh AND Upper Burma.
(d) Regarding Canada’s per capita GDP 1913/ 1919.

Desmond Morton, First World War (WWI); The First World War of 1914–1918 was the bloodiest conflict in Canadian history, taking the lives of more than 60,000 Canadians. Historica Canada, Aug 15, 2013 (last updated on June 19, 2014).
www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/first-world-war-wwi/

Quote:

"The Canadian Parliament didn't choose to go to war in 1914. The country's foreign affairs were guided in London. So when Britain's ultimatum to Germany to withdraw its army from Belgium expired on 4 August, 1914, the British Empire, including Canada, was at war

"By 1915, however, military spending equalled the entire government expenditure of 1913. Minister of Finance Thomas White opposed raising taxes. Since Britain could not afford to lend to Canada, White turned to the US [and its citizens].

"Canada's war effort was financed mainly by borrowing. Between 1913 and 1918 the national debt rose from $463 million to $2.46 billion. Canada's economic burden would have been unbearable without huge exports of wheat, timber and munitions.

"Canada alone lost 60,661 war dead.

"Canada's direct reward for her sacrifices was a modest presence at the Versailles conference and a seat in the new League of Nations. However, the deep national divisions between French [almost unanimous in opposing Canada's fighting in Europe] and English [some opposed]  created by the war, and especially by the conscription crisis of 1917, made postwar Canada fearful of international responsibilities. Canadians had done great things in the war but they had not done them together.

* There is no need to read the rest.

(e) I am clueless why Koreans are upset about Japan’s colonial rule. Between 1913 and 1919, the nation was very prosperous, more so than Taiwan. Japan dominated Korea starting 1904 (don’t forget: First Sino-Japanese War was mainly about conflict over Korea), and annexed Korea in 1910.
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