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The Planned Reburial of Richard III

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发表于 8-2-2014 11:19:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Richard III | A can of Worms; What to do with a dead monarch. Economist, Aug 2, 2014.
www.economist.com/news/britain/2 ... d-monarch-can-worms

Note:
(a) “Richard III, whose skeleton turned up in 2012 beneath a car park in Leicester * * * Leicester Cathedral, which will re-bury the king next spring * * * the cathedral published revised designs in June—a slab of Swaledale fossil stone, inscribed with a deep cross”
(i) car park (n): “British  a parking lot or parking garage”
www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/de ... an_english/car-park
(ii) Leicester
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leicester
(The city lies on the River Soar; county town of Leicestershire; The name "Leicester" is thought to derive from the words castra of the "Ligore", meaning camp of the dwellers on the (river) Legro[‘an early name for the River Soar’])

* The “ei” is pronounced like the “e” in “let.”
(iii) Leicester Cathedral
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leicester_Cathedral
(a Church of England cathedral)
(iv) Swaledale
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swaledale
(a dale or valley)

* pronunciation:
www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/de ... n_english/Swaledale


(b) “Richard III [‘England’s last Plantagenet king’] died long before the creation of the Anglican church. He probably had a Catholic funeral before his burial in Greyfriars, a Franciscan abbey flattened during the Reformation. Clerics insist the dead king should be reinterred with the pomp and ritual of Britain’s national church. But John Ashdown-Hill, a historian whose research helped to identify Richard’s remains, is lobbying for a Catholic ceremony”
(i) Richard III (1452 –  1485) lost and died in Battle of Bosworth Field (in Leicestershire), the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses. The victor, Henry Tudor, was crowned Henry VII of England, as the first monarch of the House of Tudor.

He was Catholic, naturally.
(ii) In 1534 Henry VIII created Church of England by separate English church from Rome.
(iii) Greyfriars
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greyfriars
(may refer to
• Conventual Franciscans [people]
• Greyfriars, Leicester, burial place of Richard III)

* conventual (adj)
www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/de ... _english/conventual
(iv) Greyfriars, Leicester
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greyfriars,_Leicester
(1250-1538; best known as the burial place of King Richard III who was hastily buried in the friary church)


(c) “In the end England’s last Plantagenet king will probably be buried with the only ritual appropriate in a city like Leicester, where no more than 45% of the population is white British: multicultural and ecumenical. And the cathedral is standing firm against complaints his tomb is too modern. It must reflect the era in which it [tomb] is built [rather than the era the king was killed], according to David Monteith, Dean of Leicester [Cathedral]: ‘Anything else would be a pastiche.’”
(i) ecumenical (adj; ultimately from from [Ancient] Greek [adjective] oikoumenikos, from [noun] oikoumenē 'the (inhabited) earth'):
"representing a number of different Christian churches"
www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/de ... _english/ecumenical
(ii)
(a) pastiche (n): “an artistic work in a style that imitates that of another work, artist, or period”
www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/de ... an_english/pastiche
(b) pastiche
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pastiche
(Unlike parody, pastiche celebrates, rather than mocks, the work it imitates)
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 楼主| 发表于 8-2-2014 11:20:50 | 显示全部楼层
King Richard III in Leicester Cathedral.
kingrichardinleicester.com

is the official site from the Cathedral.

Note: In the top horizontal bar of the home page, the pull-down menu from “Reburial” shows consecutively
(a) “Message from the Dean”: hat is Mr David Monteith. See (c) in the preceding posting.
(b) “Reburial”: “Richard was buried back in 1485.  The ceremony took place almost certainly on 25 August, on the orders of the now King Henry VII, who we might imagine was anxious to leave Leicester and consolidate his new royal status.   Richard’s body had been exhibited to public gaze for three days, to prove beyond doubt his death, and now it needed to be laid speedily to rest, and probably in a manner and place that would attract as little attention as possible.  Hence the choir of Greyfriars Abbey, a place where we believe only friars would normally go.”

* choir (disambiguation)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choir_(disambiguation)
(can refer to "choir (architecture), the area [‘that provides seating for the clergy and choir’ during the church service] between the nave [qv] and sanctuary [around the altar] in a church or cathedral")

(c) “Tomb”: Which will be lowered to a pit, to be covered by that piece of black stone (NOW underneath the tomb in the two graphics in this Web page).
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