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Wales Watches Closely Scotland’s Poll

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发表于 8-31-2014 15:23:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Katrin Bennhold, As Scots Weigh independence, Wales Takes Note: Nationalists hope a referendum nearby will stir passions at home. New York Times, Aug 31, 2014
www.nytimes.com/2014/08/31/world ... les-takes-note.html

Excerpt in the window of print: Cultivating a desire for more self-government, if not independence.

Note:
(1) For Katrin, see Katherine
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine
(one of the first Christian saints, Catherine of Alexandria [c 282- c 305]; variants: Katrin and Katrina, among others)

(2)
(a) Caernarfon
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caernarfon
(a town with population of 9,615)
(b) Welsh toponymy
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_toponymy
(photo legend: The castle at Caernarfon (meaning in Welsh "the fortress in Arfon"), which was formerly anglicised as "Carnarvon" or "Caernarvon". The name "Arfon" refers to the area "opposite [or across the channel from] Môn" or Anglesey [in other words: Môn is the Welsh name of the island of Anglesey])

(3) “Twm Morys * * * a well-known poet"
(a) Twm Morys
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twm_Morys
(born in 1961 to the writer Jan Morris [an Welsh woman])
(b) For Twm, see Thomas (name)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_%28name%29
(“Tŵm” is a Welsh form)
(c) Twm
www.pronouncenames.com/pronounce/twm
(Pronunciation: toom--rhymes with boom and zoom)

(4) “In the ancient mountains towering above this coastal town in northern Wales, where eight in 10 people speak the native Celtic tongue, and many carry names their fellow Britons would not dare pronounce, Welsh nationalists have their eyes firmly set on independence — Scottish independence. * * * Stemming the decline in the Welsh language — just under one in five Welsh people speaks Cymraeg — is the greatest triumph of Welsh nationalism, but it is also a handicap: It has divided a country of three million between those, mainly in the rural north and west, who speak it, and those in the more urban south and east who don’t, reducing Plaid Cymru in the eyes of many to a mere language-lobbying group.”

Along with Irish, Scottish gaelic and Cornish (of Cornwall), Welsh language (Welsh spelling: Cymraeg) is a branch of Celtic languages.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtic_languages
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 楼主| 发表于 8-31-2014 15:25:30 | 显示全部楼层
(5) “Leanne Wood, leader of Wales’s nationalist party Plaid Cymru”
(a) Plaid Cymru
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plaid_Cymru
(officially Plaid Cymru – the Party of Wales; advocating an independent Wales; formed in 1925)
(b) Welsh English dictionary
* plaid (noun feminine): “(politics) (political)party”
en.wiktionary.org/wiki/plaid
* Cymru (noun feminine): “Wales”
en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Cymru
* ap (prefix): "a patronymic indicator; son of"
en.wiktionary.org/wiki/ap

(6) “Ms Wood, who was once expelled from a legislative debate for referring to Queen Elizabeth II as “Mrs. Windsor,” has been to Scotland twice in support of the Yes campaign and plans to go again. The Welsh Hollywood actor Rhys Ifans has joined the #goforitScotland campaign.”
(a) British royal family in 1917 changed from House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to House of Windsor (Windsor Castle at the town of Windsor, county of Berkshire)
(b) House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Saxe-Coburg_and_Gotha
(overall: 1826-1918; currently reign “in the Commonwealth realms through the descendants of Prince Albert;” section 2.5 United Kingdom: Edward VII (1901–1910; son of Queen Victoria) and George V (1910–1936, until 1917 when the name was changed and the royal house and family became known as Windsor))
(c) Compare House of Hanover
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Hanover
(Table:: Founded 1635; Dissolution: 1901 - Death of Queen Victoria ends the British branch in the agnatic line)
(d) Rhys
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhys
(a popular Welsh given name (usually male); Anglicised forms of the name include Rice, Rees, Reese [as in actress Reese Witherspoon, whose mother’s maiden name was Reese ] and Reece)
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 楼主| 发表于 8-31-2014 15:27:07 | 显示全部楼层
(7) “Adam Price * * * a former lawmaker who set up a technology company in Wales”

The Welsh surname Price: “Anglicized form of Welsh ap Rhys ‘son of Rhys’ (see Reece). This is one of the commonest of Welsh surnames”
(8) “Unlike Scotland, whose Parliament voted to join England three centuries ago, Wales was conquered in 1282. The Scots kept their own legal system, schools, universities, church and, with it all, a strong civic identity distinct from England’s. Welsh institutions were swallowed whole; the Welsh dragon, which flutters proudly and ubiquitously on the high street in Caernarfon, is nowhere to be seen in the Union Jack. ‘We were England’s first colony,’ said Eirian James, [female] owner of Palas Print, a local bookstore with mainly Welsh-language fare. * * * But in 1997, after Scotland voted to have its own Parliament, the tiniest majority of Welsh voters followed suit and approved the creation of a more modest Welsh assembly. By 2011, two in three of those voters wanted to extend the assembly’s lawmaking powers.”

Scottish Parliament
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_Parliament
("For the national legislative body before 1707, see Parliament of Scotland”)

(9) “Caernarfon Castle, up the street from Palas Print, was built by Edward I of England who killed Llewellyn, the last native prince of Wales, and declared his own firstborn son the Prince of Wales. That tradition still grates with some Welsh people. When Prince Charles was invested in Caernarfon Castle in 1969, militants tried to blow up his train.
(a) Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Llywelyn_ap_Gruffudd
(c 1223 – 1282; (the last) Prince [or head] of Wales 1258-1282; a son of Gruffudd, the eldest son of Llywelyn the Great; killed on Dec 11, 1282 in Battle of Orewin Bridge at Builth Wells, by force of Edward I of England)
(b) pronunciation: Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/llywelyn-ap-gruffudd
(c) Prince of Wales
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_of_Wales
(The tradition of investing the heir-apparent of the monarch with the title of "Prince of Wales" is usually considered to have begun in 1301, when King Edward I of England invested his son Edward Caernarfon [born at Caernarfon; future Edward II] with the title at a Parliament held in Lincoln)

(10) “The local poet Gerallt Lloyd Owen”

The Welsh surname Owen is “from the Welsh personal name Owain.”
Dictionary of American Family Names

(11) “Jerry Hunter, a professor at Bangor University”
(a) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangor_University
(in the city of Bangor, Wales; chartered in 1885; public)
(b) Bangor, Gwynedd
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangor,_Gwynedd
(Bangor itself is an old Welsh word for a wattled enclosure)
(c) wattle (construction)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wattle_(construction)
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