一路 BBS

 找回密码
 注册
搜索
查看: 74|回复: 0

问候德国人,握手还是亲吻?

[复制链接]
发表于 7-8-2018 12:13:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Courtney Tenz, 问候德国人,握手还是亲吻? 德国之声, July 7, 2018
https://www.dw.com/zh/问候德国人握手还是亲吻/a-44555105

, which is translated from

Courtney Tenz, International Kissing Day: French Greeting Makes Headway in Germany. July 6, 2018
https://www.dw.com/en/internatio ... -germany/a-39548459

Note:
(a) About. undated
https://courtneytenz.com/about/
(I am "based in Cologne, Germany. A native of the US, I can speak fluent German but work exclusively with English-language deliverables.  I got my start in Boston in the publishing industry, where I edited and proofread university-level history and literature textbooks. From that experience, I learned to love the Oxford comma and appreciate the intricacies of graphic design layout processes * * * [got] a Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing at Penn State University * * * In 2005, I was awarded the prestigious Fulbright fellowship to conduct research on post-war transitional justice issues in Germany")
(i)
(A) deliverable (n): "(usually deliverables) a thing able to be provided, especially as a product of a development process"
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/deliverable
(B) deliverable (n): "(business, management): "the tangible end product; that which will be delivered [two example given]"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/deliverable
(ii) Wikipedia:Guidance on applying the Manual of Style
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wi ... the_Manual_of_Style
(section 2.2.1 Oxford comma)

(b) "As Interior Minister Thomas de Maziere wrote in his 10 treatises toward a German Leitkultur published in April, in Germany 'we put out our hand as a greeting.' "

Leitkultur (noun feminine; from [verb] leiten [to lead] + [noun feminine, from Latin noun feminine cultūra culture] Kultur [culture]): "guiding culture"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Leitkultur
(c) In Germany "social kissing is en vogue among the younger generations."

That is a typo: not "en vogue" but "in vogue."  The English noun vogue was borrowed from Middle Gtrench noun "vogue" which Modern French retains with the same meaning (as English and as Middle French).

(d) "With some friends, mostly Americans, the answer is clear: neither [handshaking nor air-kissing cheeks]. Rolling our eyes at what we might call 'putting on European airs,' we greet each other with a smile and a nod and that's perfectly fine."
(i) air (n): "an artificial or affected manner  <put on airs>"
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/air

Oxforddictionaries.com says in this use, always plural.
(ii) Barbara Crossette, Bangkok Houses Put on European Airs. New York Times, Jan 22, 1987
https://www.nytimes.com/1987/01/ ... -european-airs.html

three consecutive paragraphs:

"While Thailand's neighbors in Southeast Asia shuck off the vestiges of British, French or Dutch colonialism and seek solace in updated native styles, the people of Thailand, never colonized, seem bent on Europeanizing themselves. There are half-timbered pubs, a Rhenish beer house or two and a colonnaded restaurant called Versailles.

"But most of all there are European-style houses. Their incongruous facades pop out of rice fields, dominating expensive new tracts on the city's edges. Guards and gates keep out the millions of less fortunate who crowd Bangkok.

"Inside the fences are the swimming pools of the people who have made it big. Most of the houses sell for upward of $100,000, in a country where per capita income is under $700 a year

(A) half-timber (adj): "of a building : constructed of wood framing with spaces filled with masonry"
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/half-timbered
(B) timber framing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timber_framing
(section 4 Half-timbering)

View photos in the entire page and heed the country origins.
(C) half-timber work (in Architecture category). Encyclopaedia Britannica, undated
https://www.britannica.com/technology/half-timber-work
("Half-timber work was common in China and, in a refined form, in Japan and was used for domestic architecture throughout northern continental Europe, especially Germany and France, until the 17th century. In England it was popular in regions that lacked stone as a building material. It was used in England in the southern counties and the West Midlands, especially, from about 1450 to 1650")

Note all were in past tense.
(D) Rhenish (adj; from Latin Rhenus Rhine + -ish): "of or relating to the River Rhine or the lands adjacent to it, esp the Rhineland-Palatinate"
https://www.collinsdictionary.com/us/dictionary/english/rhenish
(E) Rhineland-Palatinate
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhineland-Palatinate
(was formed after World War II by the French military government from parts of regions that were historically separate [hence the hyphen])

(e) "Rainer Wälde, an etiquette expert and author of the book, The Big Guide to Etiquette, (Der Grosse Knigge)"

German-English dictionary:
* Knigge (noun masculine): "book on etiquette"
https://dict.tu-chemnitz.de/ding ... nigge&iservice=
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表