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Economist, Aug 4, 2018 (I)

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发表于 8-9-2018 16:44:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
(1) Bello | Judging the Judges; Why is strengthening the rule of law so difficult?  
https://www.economist.com/the-am ... tin-americas-judges

Note:
(a) Sech section of Economist has a column, usually named after a person. For example
(i) the section of "The Americas" (which excludes United States, which has its own section) has Bello, namd after Andrés Bello (1781–1865), Venezuelan poet and lawmaker;
(ii) the section of "Books and Arts" has a column about language called "Johnson, which is named after Samuel Johnson (1709-1784), a lexicographer (dictionary maker). Mr Johnsn's "A Dictionary of the English" was published in 1755,  Language was published in 1755, about 150 years before Oxford English Dictionary (OED; first edition: 1884–1928)  

(b) "Such a trial could have taken place in a British magistrate's court. In fact, it was in Mexico City. The case was conducted under a radical judicial reform. This replaces an inquisitorial model, long the norm in Latin America, under which judges investigated and evidence was all in writing, with an Anglo-Saxon adversarial system and oral trials."
(i) magistrates' court (England and Wales)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magistrates%27_court_(England_and_Wales)
(The jurisdiction of magistrates' courts and rules governing them are set out in the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980; "Cases are heard by a bench of three (or occasionally two) lay judges, or by a paid district judge (magistrates' courts); there is no jury at a magistrates' court")

In Massachusetts, the equivalent is district court that tries both criminal and civil cases, all with six-person jury (unless parties elected a bench trial by a judge).
(ii) The terminology is civil law (as in Latin America, China, Japan and Taiwan) and common law (as in UK and US -- except Louisiana whose state courts continues its civil law tradition since its French colonial days).

adversarial system
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adversarial_system
(It is in contrast to the inquisitorial system used in some civil law systems)

(c) Callao
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Callao
(a city in Peru)
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 楼主| 发表于 8-9-2018 16:44:40 | 显示全部楼层
(3) Trouble in Tianjin | Where Are the People?  What used to be China's fast-growing region is now its slowest.
https://www.economist.com/china/ ... -became-its-slowest

Note:
(a) "The problem is that the city's planners got far ahead of themselves. They built a big new financial district, which they billed as China's Manhattan, in the Binhai district, on the city’s far-east side. Nearly 70% of offices there are vacant, according to Jones Lang LaSalle, a property-services firm. * * * Some 60km away, on the city's western fringes, the waste is even more striking. A private developer wanted to create a high-tech zone, anchored by the world's fifth-tallest skyscraper. Construction all but stopped a few years ago. The skyscraper's skeleton is nearly 600 metres tall, and surrounded by a dozen other abandoned building sites, which are a short drive from a fledgling polo club, itself ringed by empty luxury residences."

罗斯洛克国际金融中心  Rose Rock IFC
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/罗斯洛克国际金融中心
(b) "Corruption fuelled the excess. In the city centre, Zhao Jin [赵晋, son of 赵少麟], a property magnate, paid off bureaucrats to flout zoning rules. He had permission to build three towers of no more than 35 storeys, but instead went for 66 storeys. He and the bureaucrats (some of them, anyway) are now in jail; his developments, unfinished eyesore, was listed for demolition."
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