一路 BBS

 找回密码
 注册
搜索
查看: 81|回复: 0

路透社揭中国飞速发展光环背后的生命代价

[复制链接]
发表于 12-16-2018 12:29:44 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 choi 于 12-16-2018 13:39 编辑

VOA Chinese, Dec 16, 2018

, which is translated from

Sue-Lin Wong, The Price of Progress in China: 'We Traded Our Lives for Development.' Reuters, Dec 14, 2018
https://www.reuters.com/article/ ... pment-idUSKBN1OD0FR
(the bedridden 50-year-old Wang Zhaohong is dying in his village in poor, rural Sangzhi county 张家界市桑植县 of Hunan province)

Note: "About 6 million Chinese either suffer from or have already died from pneumoconiosis, or dust-caused lung damage that includes silicosis, according to estimates by Love Save Pneumoconiosis 大爱清尘·, a Beijing NGO that advocates for workers suffering from the condition.
(a)
(i) pneumoconiosis (n; New Latin, from Ancient Greek [noun neuter] pneûma [air] + [noun feminine] kónis dust) +‎ -osis)
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/pneumoconiosis
(ii) byssinosis (New Latin, from from Latin noun masculine byssus, from Ancient Greek bússos linen made of flax 亞麻 [一年生草本; 原产于西亚: zh.wikipedia.org] + -osis))
(b) Pneumoconioses. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), CDC, undated
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/pneumoconioses/default.html
("The pneumoconioses [plural form of pneumoconiosIs] are a group of interstitial lung diseases * * * The primary pneumoconioses are asbestosis, silicosis, and coal workers' pneumoconiosis (commonly referred to as CWP or black lung). As their names imply, they are caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers, silica dust, and coal mine dust. Typically, these three diseases take many years to develop and be manifested, although in some cases – silicosis, particularly – rapidly progressive forms can occur after only short periods of intense exposure. * * * Other forms of pneumoconioses can be caused by inhaling dusts containing aluminum, antimony, barium, graphite, iron, kaolin, mica, talc, among other dusts. There is also a form called mixed-dust pneumoconiosis. Overall, most physicians do not encounter these diseases very frequently. Byssinosis, caused by exposure to cotton dust, is sometimes included among the pneumoconioses, although its pattern of lung abnormality is different from the pneumoconioses listed here. * * * The pneumoconioses are typically detected in living individuals through the use of radiological imaging. Traditionally this has been the chest x-ray, taken on film, but now increasingly being acquired through digital computer technology [digital chest radiography, CT etc]")
(c) Johns Hopkins' online Health Library has a page for pneumoconiosis, which says symptoms are "cough[,] lots of phlegm[,] shortness of breath." A word occasionally used by pedantic physicians, hlegm, whose g is silent, means viscous sputum (in modern medicine).



回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表