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Bloomberg BusinessWeek, May 13, 2019

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发表于 5-15-2019 14:00:23 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
(1) The cover:

"THE GORE-TEX EYE[;] A famously unorthodox company develops its next breakthrough [text on a photo that is unexplained but which I believe is an artificial cornea in a case.container. See (5)'s Note (a)(ii) below]

(2) Germany's To-Do List. (under the heading Bloomberg Opinion).
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinio ... role-on-world-stage
("When US Vice President Mike Pence declared in a speech [Apr 3, 2019 at Washington DC] marking NATO's 70th anniversary that 'too many' alliance members have failed to increase spending on their militaries, he singled out one: Germany. * * * Years of neglect have left the Bundeswehr in dismal condition. More than half of its tanks, helicopters and fighter planes have been judged unfit for deployment; all six of its submarines are too hobbled to leave port. The standing army, which numbered some 500,000 troops at the end of the Cold War, now totals only 180,000 — among NATO's smallest on a per capita basis")

Note:
(a) summary underneath the title in print: Rebuilding the military is only the first thing the country must do to live up to its economic power
(b)
(i) Print and the online version are nearly identical, but print does not have paragraph 2 of the online version.
(ii) The quotation is from print. There is no need to read the rest, though.
(c) German-English dictionary:
* Bundeswehr (noun feminine; from [noun masculine; from verb binden bind] Bund confederation + [interfix] -es [or -s; used to link elements in some compounds] + [noun feminine; archaic] Wehr defense):
"the national army of the Federal Republic of Germany"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Bundeswehr

Compare The (Modern) English verb bind is from Old English bindan.
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 楼主| 发表于 5-15-2019 14:05:17 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 choi 于 5-15-2019 14:12 编辑

(3) Lucas Shaw, Why TikTok Is Music to Bands' Ears.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/a ... ls-want-to-get-paid

Note:
(a) summary underneath the title in print: The video service is winning millions of new fans for old music, but pays low royalties
(b) Print and the online version are nearly identical, except that print has two features on the (page) margins that does not show up online:
(i) "• Numbers of streams in China of Fitz and the Tantrum's [2016] HandClap, since going viral on Bytedance's [sic; should be ByteDance 字节跳动] apps 1.5b
(ii) "• Some of the songs that have gone viral in TikTok and Douyin[:]

Absofacto
Dissolve

Badshah [stage name of an Indian rapper]
She moves It Like

Bhinda Aujla and Bobby Layal [Indian man and woman, respectively]
Teri Pyari Pyari Do Akhiyan   [Hindi "teree pyaaree pyaaree do akhiyaan" means "your dear dear daughter" according to Google Translate.]

Blueface
Thotiana

The Boyboy West Coast [stage name of Manuel Ramirez]
U Was At the Club
(Bottoms Up [干杯])

Deep Chills featuring IVIE
Run Free

Jennie
Solo

Joji [Jōji is transliteration of ジョージ (katakana for George]; stage name of George Miller, born in Osaka in 1992; half Japanese, half Australian]
Slow Dancing in the Dark

Kana Adachi [足立 佳奈; Adachi is surname (Japanese pronunciation of 足 is "ashi;" pronunciation of "a" alone for 足 appears in name only; born in 1999 in Japan; is signed to SME Records (Sony Music Entertainment Japan); writes and sings songs in Japanese]
I'm Loving You [Japanese: 私今あなたに恋をしています, where noun 恋 has Japanese pronunciation "koi"]

Lil Nas X
Old Town Road

Riton and Kah-Lo [Faridah Seriki, a Nigerian known professionally as Kah-Lo]
Fake ID

Sub Urban
Cradles

Supa Dupa Humble
Steppin"
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 楼主| 发表于 5-15-2019 14:07:04 | 显示全部楼层
(4) Bill Allison with Patrick Donahue, Stefan Nicola and Lenka Ponikelska, Ban Huawei?  US Allies Mostly Resist.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/a ... rom-global-networks
("Not a single European nation has done so, not even the UK")

Note:
(a) summary underneath the title in print: On many fronts, business couldn't be better for the equipment maker as it plans a comeback in America
(b) Print and the online version are identical, except that print has on the margin:

"Share of global GDP by countries' stance on Huawei[:]

Ban in effect 32.6% Australia, Japan, Taiwan, US [apparently alphabetically]

Likely to ban 2.3% Canada, New Zealand

On the fence 9.9% Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, India, Norway, Poland, Sweden, UK, Vietnam

Unlikely to Ban 21.6% Argentina, Austria, Brazil, France, Germany, Italy, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, Thailand

Embracing Huawei 19.8% China, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, UAE

Others 13.8%"


(5) Dan Murtaugh and Enda Curran, Year of the Pig Apocalypse.

Note: summary underneath the title in print: The ripple effects of China's epidemic of African swine fever could reach as far as Brazil
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 楼主| 发表于 5-15-2019 14:07:55 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 choi 于 5-15-2019 14:10 编辑

(6) Drake Bennett, They're Coming for Your Eyeballs.
https://www.bloomberg.com/features/2019-gore-artificial-cornea/

Quoe:

"In October of that year [1969], the Gore family made its own giant leap. Bill and Vieve's [Vieve is short of female given name Genevieve] eldest son, Bob, a chemical engineer and the company's head of research, set out to see whether PTFE could be stretched to cover more surface area, making it more cost-effective. In a lab at the company's plant in Newark, Del, he heated rods of the cloudy polymer and pulled carefully at each end. Time after time, the fluorocarbon barely stretched before starting to break. Finally, near the end of another fruitless day, he took a sample from the oven and winged his arms back in a frustrated jerk.  To his shock, the material didn't snap. It stretched, and in a way that seemed to defy physics. Hoping for a 50 percent extension, he'd achieved something closer to 1,000 percent. And the PTFE didn't stretch the way stretchy things normally do, thinning out as it elongated. It telescoped, retaining its thickness. The expansion was internal: Folded molecular chains were yanked straight, opening up billions of microscopic spaces throughout. It was as though Bob had taken a piece of string cheese and, with a tug, transformed it into a rope of Swiss [cheese, which has a lot of holes in it] 10 times as long.

"The cornea implant actually dates to 2004, when [chemical engineer named Anuraag] Singh encountered a colleague, Gopalan Balaji, in the lunch line at a company event. Both are from India, a country plagued, like much of the developing world, by a lack of eye banks. Corneal blindness seemed to them like something Gore could and should tackle: The few artificial corneas on the market are difficult to implant and prone to complications.

Note:
(a)
(i) summary underneath the title in print: WL Gore, one of the world's most innovative companies, is hunting for new product line -- and reinventing itself in the process.
(ii) This is the first of the three feature reports.
(iii) In print, the title is printed on a photo, whose caption reads: A Gore cornea lens held over a Gore-Tex jacket
(iv) Print and the online version are identical.

(b) Before you read text, read this note first, because this report does not say why Gore's man-made cornea is better than those on the market. It turns out that Gore's cornea is not even in a clinical trial (on humans). It may takes years, if at all, for it to reach market. Then again, Americans (who pays and are willing to pay, a lot for healthcare, do not suffer from diseases affecting the cornea, which ravages Third World, which has little to pay.

(c) Providing Real Hope with Artificial Corneas. Wilmer Cornea Concepts, 2018, at page 2
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/ ... nea-concepts-18.pdf
("CORNEAL TRANSPLANTS are among the most successful organ transplantation procedures. This is wonderful news for people who live in places [SUCH AS us] where donor corneas are plentiful and for patients who are good candidates for them. * * * In the U.S. alone, people in this situation—who need corneal transplants but are not good candidates [What kinds of patients are they? This article did not explain] —number 8,000 a year. Worldwide, that number reaches several million. In addition, donor corneal transplantation requires eye banking, which is expensive and not feasible in many developing countries. * * * Currently, two products on the market referred to as 'artificial corneas' exist, but they each require a human donor cornea as a carrier material for a prosthesis. Without the human donor cornea attached to the prosthesis as a 'carrier,' the surgeon would not be able to suture the prosthesis into the eye because it is made of plastic. The partnership between Akpek and WL Gore, however, has yielded an entirely artificial device, with no donor cornea needed. * * * Though she cannot disclose the material, she can say that it is a derivative of Teflon. 'It's inert material—like silicone—so the body won't reject it. And you don't have to immunosuppress the person,' says Akpek. * * * She estimates that her team could launch human clinical trials in about two years")
(i)
(A) This is "A Publication of the Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Medicine."  
(B) "Founded in 1925 as the nation's first university eye clinic," -- quoting Institute's website -- "Ophthalmologist William Holland Wilmer opened the Wilmer Eye Institute in 1925." en.wikipedia.org for Johns Hopkins Hospital.
(C) The logo of Wilmer Eye Institute incorporates Institute's dome.
https://www.bostonsight.org/PROS ... Institute-Baltimore
(ii) transplantation with human corneas
(A) Abud TB et al, Systemic Immunomodulatory Strategies in High-risk Corneal Transplantation. Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research, 12: 81 (2017)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5340067/

Please red Introduction, including this: "Due to corneal immune privilege [because normally cornea receives no blood supply and has no white blood cell (or any cell at all) infiltration], corneal transplantation has been associated with high success rates, including 90% survival after 1 year and 55% after 15 years when performed in avascular and non-inflamed host beds. * * * Corneal transplantation in a non-vascularized and non-inflamed host bed, which is termed as low-risk (LR) corneal graft, does not require any systemic immunosuppression or Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA) tissue matching")
(B) overall, including high-risk patients:

Borderie VM et al, Predicted Long-Term Outcome of Corneal Transplantation. Ophthalmology, 116: 2354 (2009)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19815285
("The observed 5- and 10-year graft survival estimates were, respectively, 74% and 64%. * * * Overall, the predicted graft survival estimate [by extrapolation] was 27% at 20 years and 2% at 30 years")
(C) Cornea Transplant. Mayo Clinic, May 17, 2018,
https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests ... /about/pac-20385285

the last section:

"Vision correction after surgery[sectional heading]

"Your vision may initially be worse than before your surgery as your eye adjusts to the new cornea. It may take several months for your vision to improve.

"Once the outer layer of your cornea has healed — several weeks to several months after surgery — your eye doctor will work to make adjustments that can improve your vision, such as:
        • Correcting unevenness in your cornea (astigmatism). The stitches that hold the donor cornea in place on your eye may cause dips and bumps in your cornea, making your vision blurry in spots. Your doctor may correct some of this by releasing some stitches and tightening others.
        • Correcting vision problems. Refractive errors, such as nearsightedness and farsightedness, can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or, in some cases, laser eye surgery.

(d)
(i) WL Gore & Associates, Inc is headquartered in Newark (12 miles west-southwest of capital Wilmington), Delaware.  Wikipedia.
(ii)
(A) The Gore Story, within "About Gore." WL Gore, undated.
https://www.gore.com/about/the-gore-story?view=our-history

Quote:

"Overview[:] * * * Today, with more than $3 billion in annual revenues, the enterprise is privately owned. Our approximately 9,500 employees (called Associates) worldwide are also part owners of the enterprise through the Associate stock plan. Gore prefers this private ownership and believes this reinforces a key element of its culture to 'take a long-term view' when assessing business situations.  Gore is one of the 200 largest privately held US companies. * * *

"Our History[:] * * * The 1969 discovery by Bill and Vieve's son, Bob Gore, of a remarkably versatile new polymer led the enterprise into myriad new applications in medical, fabric, pharmaceutical and biotechnology, oil and gas, aerospace, automotive, mobile electronics, music and semiconductor industries. As the company that invented this new polymer, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (or ePTFE), and introduced it in the marketplace, Gore is committed to remaining a leader in fluoropolymers.

(B) Gore Technologies, within "About Gore." WL Gore, undated
https://www.gore.com/about/technologies
("Bob [Gore] experimented with PTFE in an effort to expand it, first heating up rods of PTFE and then gradually pulling it from either end — but the rods broke every time.  Exasperated, Bob finally gave the rod of PTFE an accelerated pull. To his shock, the PTFE expanded ten times its original size!  He immediately recognized what this meant. More possibilities! The expanded material was 70% air, enabling Gore to fill the ePTFE with complementary materials. The ePTFE was incredibly lightweight yet strong. It was porous and versatile")

* Polytetrafluoroethylene
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polytetrafluoroethylene
(PTFE; polymer of tetrafluoroethylene)

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