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Cherry

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发表于 7-31-2019 15:34:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Shayndi Raice, Cherry Farmers Squeezed as Imports Grow; The industry wants the US government ti impose duties on Turkish imports. Wa;; Street Journal, July 30, 2019.
https://www.wsj.com/articles/che ... imports-11564410934

Quote:

"WILLIAMSBURG, Mich -- * * * The fight [with Turkish imports] centers on tart Montmorency cherries grown around nearby Traverse City, which is nestled along Lake Michigan's Traverse Bay, about four hours northwest of Detroit. The region s crowned itself the cherry capital of the US, where it supplies two-thirds of the country's tart cherries. It battles the state of Washington for the title, where more sweet cherries are grown.

"About 300 million pounds of tart cherries worth about $56 million were produced in Michigan last year. Almost the same amount was worth $107 million in 2014, according to USDA data. Tart cherries are used for pie filling and juice, or are dried and put into cereal and breakfast bars. * * * The sandy loam soil and proximity to Lake Michigan, which moderates the climate, creates rich ground for fruit to grow. Tart cherries are a small crop compared with the much larger sweet cherry industry, which produced 344,400 tons of fruit in 2018 worth $638 million.

"Turkish imports of tart dried cherries have nearly doubled annually over the past three years to 1.5 million pounds in 2018, selling at 89 cents a pound. US processors sell the same product for about $4.60 a pound, according to data from USDA.

Note:
(a) There is no need to read the rest.
(b) "Williamsburg is an unincorporated community * * * in * * * Whitewater Township," Grand Traverse County. en.wikipedia.org for "Williamsburg, Michigan"

(c)
(i) Prunus cerasus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prunus_cerasus
(tart cherry, one variety of which is the popular Montmorency cherry)
(A) "The tree was named for Montmorency, an area of France near Paris."  en.wikipedia.org for "Montmorency cherry."
(B) Montmorency, Val-d'Oise
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montmorency,_Val-d%27Oise
(section 1 Name)
(ii) Compare the red, sweetened cherry used in ice cream: Maraschino cherry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maraschino_cherry
(The name maraschino originates from the Marasca cherry of Croatian origin)

"The name 'marasca' comes from the Italian words 'amarasca' and 'amaro,' which stem from the Latin word [adjective masculine] 'amārus' (meaning bitter)."  en.wikipedia.org for "Marasca cherry."

(d) About quotation  .
(i) Press release: Apple Utilized Production in Oregon and Washington down 11 percent from 2017 Pear Production in Oregon and Washington up 19 percent from 2017. National Agricyltural Statistics Service, US Department of Agricklture, June 20, 2019
https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statis ... es/2019/FR06_01.pdf
, whose table at page 4: "cherry, sweet" "total production" for 2018 in United States (mainly Washington and Oregon -- in that order -- was "344,400 tons."
, and whose table at page 5: "cherry, tart" "total production" for 2018 in United States was "298.3 million pounds."

These figures appear, to me, to be fresh, as opposed to processed (after pitting and so on).
(ii) In this WSJ report, "300 million pounds" is "150,000 US tons," according to Google.
(iii) short ton
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_ton
(equal to 2,000 pounds-mass (907.18474 kg); section 1 United States)

(e) loam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loam
, whose origin is Old English.
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