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Obituary: Ennio Morricone, Composer for Dollar Trilogy

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发表于 8-26-2020 14:57:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 choi 于 8-26-2020 15:20 编辑

Robert D McFadden, Ennio Morricone, Oscar-Winning Composer of Film Scores, Dies at 91. New York Times, July 7, 2020, at page B10.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/ ... morricone-dead.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/ ... morricone-dead.html

Note:
(a) "Ennio Morricone, the Italian composer whose atmospheric scores for spaghetti westerns * * * died on Monday in Rome. * * * To many cineastes, Maestro Morricone (pronounced (mo-ree-CONE-eh) was a unique talent, composing melodic accompaniments to comedies, thrillers and historical dramas * * * He scored many popular films of the past 40 years: * * * Mr [American director Brian] De Palma's 'The Untouchables' (1987) * * * Giuseppe Tornatore's 'Cinema Paradiso' (1988), [German director] Wolfgang Petersen's 'In the Line of Fire' (1993 [American film])"
(i) The Italian male given name Ennio is derived from Roman surname Ennius (meaning unknown).
(A) The most famous Ennius was
Ennius
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ennius  
(Quintus Ennius (c 239 – c 169 BC; father of Roman poetry_
(B) Quintus (praenomen)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quintus_(praenomen)
(sectional heading: Origin and meaning)
(ii)
(A) atmospheric (adj): "having, marked by, or contributing aesthetic or emotional atmosphere  <an atmospheric inn>"
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/atmospheric
(B) atmospheric (adj): "creating a distinctive mood, typically of romance or nostalgia  <atmospheric lighting>"
https://www.lexico.com/definition/atmospheric
(iii) English dictionary:
• cineaste (n; from French [noun masculine or feminine] cinéaste, from ciné (from cinéma), on the pattern of enthousiaste ‘enthusiast)
"a person who is fond of or knowledgeable about the cinema"
https://www.lexico.com/definition/cineaste
(A) French-English dictionary:
• enthousiaste
"[adj] of a person, enthusiastic
[noun masculine or feminine]: one who is enthusiastic"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/enthousiaste
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/enthousiaste
(B) The English noun enthusiast descends through Latin from Ancient Greek noun masculine enthousiasmós enthusiasm.
(iv)  
(A) accompaniment (n): "music : an instrumental or vocal part designed to support or complement a melody  <sang the song with a piano accompaniment>
"https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/accompaniment
means 伴奏音乐.
(B) accompaniment (n):
"1: a musical part which supports or partners an instrument, voice, or group  <she sang to a guitar accompaniment>
1.1: a piece of music played as a complement or background to an activity
<lush string accompaniments to romantic scenes in films>
<we filed out to the accompaniment of the organ>"
https://www.lexico.com/definition/accompaniment

Definition 1.1 seems to be the one.
(v) The 1987 film The Untouchable is based on a 1957 autobiography of the same name by Eliot Ness. See also

Untouchables (law enforcement)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Untouchables_(law_enforcement)  
("Legendary for being fearless and incorruptible, they earned the nickname 'The Untouchables' after several [Prohibition] agents refused large bribes from members of the Chicago Outfit")

(b) "the work that made him world famous, and that was best known to moviegoers, was his blend of music and sound effects for Sergio Leone's so-called spaghetti westerns of the 1960s: a ticking pocket watch, a sign creaking in the wind, buzzing flies, a twanging Jew's harp, haunting whistles, cracking whips, gunshots and a bizarre, wailing 'ah-ee-ah-ee-ah,' played on a sweet potato-shaped wind instrument called an ocarina. * * * what came to be known as 'The Dollars Trilogy' — 'A Fistful of Dollars' (1964), 'For a Few Dollars More' (1965) and 'The Good, the Bad and the Ugly' (1966), all released in the United States in 1967 — starred Clint Eastwood as 'The Man With No Name' and were enormous hits, with a combined budget of $2 million and gross worldwide receipts of $280 million.  The trilogy's Italian dialogue was dubbed for the English-speaking market, and the action was brooding and slow, with clichéd close-ups of gunfighters' eyes. But Mr Morricone, breaking the unwritten rule never to upstage actors with music, infused it all with wry sonic weirdness and melodramatic strains that many fans embraced with cultlike devotion and that critics called viscerally true to Mr. Leone's vision of the Old West."
(i) twang"
"[n] 1         a: nasal speech or resonance
b: the characteristic speech of a region, locality, or group of people
* * *
[vt] 3: to pluck the string of  <twang a guitar>"
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/twang

People in Deep South of the United States are said to have drawl in English pronunciation, whereas those further north and west have twang. They (drawl and twang) are described s different, but I do not know enough tell.

Here it is the verbal definition that fits.
(ii) Jew's harp
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jew%27s_harp
("Jew's harps may be categorized * * * whether the tines are plucked, joint-tapped, or string-pulled")
was used in many -- not just one -- of Morricone's films.
(iii)
(A) ocarina
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocarina
(B) The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (soundtrack)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Good,_the_Bad_and_the_Ugly_(soundtrack)
("The main theme, resembling the howling of a coyote, is a two-note melody that is a frequent motif, and is used for the three main characters, with a different instrument used for each one: flute for Blondie (Man with No Name), arghilofono (Ocarina) for Angel Eyes, and human voices for Tuco"_
(iv) dub (vt; by shortening & alteration from double): "to provide (a motion-picture film) with a new soundtrack and especially dialogue in a different language
<The film was dubbed in French and Spanish>
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dub
(v) Clint Eastwood
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clint_Eastwood  
(1930- ; 6'4" (193 cm); delivering his [movie] lines through his teeth, a lifelong trademark; "A Fistful of Dollars proved a landmark in the development of Spaghetti Westerns, with Leone depicting a more lawless and desolate world than traditional westerns, and challenging American stereotypes of a western hero with a morally ambiguous antihero. The film's success made Eastwood a major star")
(vi) Dollars Trilogy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dollars_Trilogy

Quote: "Although not Leone's intention, the three films came to be considered a trilogy following the exploits of the same so-called 'Man with No Name' (portrayed by Clint Eastwood, wearing the same clothes and acting with the same mannerisms). The 'Man with No Name' concept was invented by the American distributor United Artists, looking for a strong angle to sell the films as a trilogy. Eastwood's character does indeed have a name (albeit a nickname) and a different one in each film: 'Joe,' 'Manco' and 'Blondie,' respectively."


(c) " 'The Ecstasy of Gold,' from 'The Good, the Bad and the Ugly,' was one of Mr Morricone’s biggest hits. It was recorded by the cellist Yo-Yo Ma on a 2004 [recall the film had been released in 1966 in Italy, and in US a year later] album of Mr Morricone's compositions and used in concert by two rock bands: as closing music for the Ramones and the introductory theme for Metallica.  Mr Morricone looked professorial in bow ties and spectacles, with wisps of flyaway white hair. * * * He sometimes scored 20 or more films a year, often working only from a script before screening the rushes. Directors marveled at his range — tarantellas, psychedelic screeches, swelling love themes, tense passages of high drama, stately evocations of the 18th century or eerie dissonances of the 20th — and at the ingenuity of his silences: He was wary of too much music, of overloading an audience with emotions. * * * Mr Morricone never learned to speak English"
(i)
(A) The Ecstasy of Gold
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Ecstasy_of_Gold
(sung by Edda Dell'Orso)
(B) lyrics, The Ecstasy of Gold
https://www.metrolyrics.com/the- ... nnio-morricone.html
(ii) flyaway (adj): "Flyaway hair is very soft and fine  <her flyaway blond hair>"
https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/flyaway

In images.google.com, (flyaway hair) seems undesirable, and advertisements offer ways to "remove" or "tame" it.
(iii) "He sometimes scored 20 or more films a year, often working only from a script before screening the rushes."
(A) "rushes[:] unedited footage, usually screened at the end of a day's filming"
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group. 2008.
https://www.thefreedictionary.com/rushes
(B) rush (n): "a print of a motion-picture scene processed directly after the shooting for review by the director or producer : DAILY sense 3 —usually used in plural"
https://www.meriam-webster.com/dictionary/rush

(d) "Ennio Morricone was born in Rome on Nov 10, 1928, one of five children of Mario and Libera ([maiden name] Ridolfi) Morricone. His father, a trumpet player, taught him to read music and play various instruments. Ennio wrote his first compositions at 6. In 1940, he entered the National Academy of Santa Cecilia, where he studied trumpet, composition and direction.  His World War II experiences — hunger and the dangers of Rome as an 'open city' under German and American armies — were reflected in some of his later work.  Mr Morricone's first film credit was for Luciano Salce's comedy 'The Fascist' (1961). He soon began his collaboration with Mr Leone, a former schoolmate."
(i) Italian-English dictionary:
• libero (adjective masculine: feminine libera): "1: free(not imprisoned or enslaved) * * * 4: free (not imprisoned or enslaved) * * *"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/libero

In Italian, the noun feminine libertà means freedom/liberty.
(ii) Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ac ... le_di_Santa_Cecilia
(" (English: National Academy of St Cecilia) is one of the oldest musical institutions in the world, founded by * * * [Pope] Sixtus V in 1585, which invoked * * * Saint Cecilia, the patron saint of music")
(iii) open city
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_city

(e) "Five Morricone scores nominated for Oscars displayed his virtuosity. In Mr [American director Terrence] Malick's 'Days of Heaven' (1978 [starring Richard Gere]), he captured a love triangle in the Texas Panhandle, circa 1916. For 'The Mission' (1986), about an 18th-century Jesuit priest (Jeremy Irons) in the Brazilian rain forest, he wove the panpipe music of Indigenous people with that of a missionary party's European instruments, playing out the cultural conflicts.
In 'The Untouchables,' his music pounded out the struggle between Eliot Ness (Kevin Costner) and Al Capone (Robert De Niro) in Prohibition-era Chicago. In Mr [American director Barry] Levinson's 'Bugsy' (1991), about the mobster Bugsy Siegel (Warren Beatty), it was a medley for a star-struck sociopath in Hollywood. And in Mr Tornatore's 'Malèna' (2000), he orchestrated the ordeals of a wartime Sicilian town as seen through the eyes of a boy obsessed with a beautiful lady."
(i) Pan flute
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_flute
(section 1 Etymology)
(ii) pound out
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pound%20out
(iii) Bugsy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bugsy

Warren Beatty and Annette Bening, the costars, got married a year later, in 1992.

(iv) Malèna
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malèna
the film.
(A) The female given name Malèna is Scandinavian version (and short form) of
Magdalene (given name)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magdalene_(given_name)  
("derived from Hebrew 'of Magdala' [an ancient settlement that no longer exists) ")
(B) For given name Renato, see Renatus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renatus

(f) "Talking to Mr [Jon] Pareles [1953- ; American; is chief popular-music critic in the arts section of The New York Times], Mr Morricone placed his acclaimed oeuvre in a modest perspective. 'The notion that I am a composer who writes a lot of things is true on one hand and not true on the other hand,' he said. 'Maybe my time is better organized than many other people's. But compared to classical composers like Bach [1685 – 1750; German], Frescobaldi, Palestrina or Mozart [1756 – 1791; 'The cause of Mozart's death cannot be known with certainty': en.wikipedia.org], I would define myself as unemployed.' "
(i) Girolamo Frescobaldi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girolamo_Frescobaldi
(1583 – 1643; an Italian composer)
(ii)
(A) Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanni_Pierluigi_da_Palestrina
(c 1525 – 1594)
(B) Palestrina
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestrina
("is a modern Italian city and comune (municipality) with a population of about 22,000, in Lazio [region], about 35 kilometres (22 miles) east of Rome")


----------------------separately
Peter B Flint, Sergio Leone, 67, Italian Director Who Revitalized Westerns, Dies. New York Times, May 1, 1989.
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