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Henri Matisse

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发表于 10-8-2020 11:29:28 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Tobias Grey, Matisse's Radical Harmonies. Wall Street Journal, Oct 3, 2020 (in the weekly section "Review")
https://www.wsj.com/articles/mat ... rmonies-11601661218
http://content.the-omj.com/News/StoryText/1662156

Note:
(a) the exhibition:
Matisse, Like a Novel. Paris: Centre Pompidou, Oct 21, 2020 - Feb 22, 2021
file:///C:/Users/WPL/Downloads/PR_Matisse_like_a_novel%20(2).pdf
("To mark the 150th anniversary [2019] of Henri Matisse's birth (1869-1954), the Centre Pompidou pays tribute to the artist through the exhibition 'Matisse, like a novel' * * * Throughout his life, he was this decisive innovator. A nine-chapter timeline retraces the early days of the young artist, who came late to painting in the 1890s * * * Referencing Louis Aragon's book title, Henri Matisse, roman (Henri Matisse, A Novel) (1971), the exhibition 'Matisse, like a novel' reviews his principle of exploring the work, seeking, as in the book, to find “enlightenment as to what is happening”. Each of the nine sequences within the exhibition is illuminated by a writer’s view on Matisse's work: Louis Aragon, Georges Duthuit [1891–1973; a French art critic], Dominique Fourcade [1938- ; male; a French poet], Clement Greenberg, Charles Lewis Hind [1862–1927; a British art critic], Pierre Schneider [1925 (Belgium) - 2013 (Paris); home country: both nations], Jean Clay [1934- ; male] and Henri Matisse himself. Echoing these writers, critics and poets, the exhibition questions Matisse’s relationship with writing – from plastic vocabulary to word")
(i) Henry (given name)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_(given_name)
("Henry is an English male given name derived from Old French Henri / Henry"/ section 1 In different languages: [Modern] French: Henri, Henry)

Modern German-English dictionary:
* Heim (noun neutr): "home"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Heim
(ii) Centre Pompidou
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centre_Pompidou
(iii) Louis Aragon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Aragon
(1897 – 1982; a French poet)

Aragon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aragon
(an autonomous community [read: region; coequal with Catolonia] coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon)
(iv) Clement Greenberg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clement_Greenberg
(1909 – 1994; an American visual art critic)

(b) "Matisse captured the naiveté of childhood in a 1907 portrait of his daughter Marguerite [age 13]."
(i) list of works by Henri Matisse
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_works_by_Henri_Matisse
(Portrait de Marguerite: oil on canvas, Paris: Musée Picasso)

Margaret
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret  
(derived via French (Marguerite), Latin (Margarita) )

Marguerite
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/marguerite  
(pronunciation)
(ii) Henri Matisse
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Matisse
("With the model Caroline Joblau, he had a daughter, Marguerite, born in 1894. In 1898, he married Amélie Noellie Parayre; the two raised Marguerite together and had two sons, Jean (born 1899) and Pierre (born 1900). Marguerite and Amélie often served as models for Matisse. * * * Matisse's wife Amélie, who suspected that he was having an affair with her young Russian emigre companion, Lydia Delectorskaya [1910-1984], ended their 41-year marriage in July 1939, dividing their possessions equally between them. Delectorskaya attempted suicide by shooting herself in the chest; remarkably, she survived with no serious after-effects, and instead returned to Matisse and worked with him for the rest of his life, running his household, paying the bills, typing his correspondence, keeping meticulous records, assisting in the studio and coordinating his business affairs")
(iii) Amélie Matisse Biography
https://www.masterworksfineart.c ... -matisse-biography/
("Amélie met Henri Matisse in 1897 when they incidentally sat next to one another at a wedding in Paris. They were married a short while later in 1898. * * * They were very poor in the early years of their marriage, with Matisse a struggling artist. Their two sons, Jean and Pierre, were born in 1899 and 1900 respectively")

Amelia (given name)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_(given_name)
, whose e may be pronounced as in bet or as in bee (a long vowel).
(iv) Henri Matisse, Portrait of Lydia Delectorskaya. 1947.
https://www.henrimatisse.org/portrait-of-lydia-delectorskaya.jsp

(c) "One of the earliest works in the show, a self-portrait made in 1900 when Matisse was 30 years old, sets the tone for great struggles to come. The artist suffered from anxiety-ridden insomnia for most of his adult life, and he pictures himself as gaunt and haggard, with eyeballs sunk into his skull. The unorthodox color scheme, blending greens, reds and blues, looks forward to Matisse's Fauvist revolution five years later, when he became the art world's favorite whipping boy for ripping up the realist rulebook."
(i) Henri Matisse, Self-Portrait.
https://www.wikiart.org/en/henri-matisse/self-portrait-1900
(Style: Fauvism)
, which is an oil ion canvas and in "private collection," according to
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_works_by_Henri_Matisse
(i) fauvism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fauvism
("The paintings of the Fauves were characterized by seemingly wild brush work and strident colors"/ section 2 Origins: "Gustave Moreau * * * [who] taught Matisse * * * was viewed by critics as the group's philosophical leader until Matisse was recognized as such in 1904")
, where the top photo depicted his wife Amélie.
(ii) https://wwwfauvism.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fauvism
(pronunciation)
(iii) French-English dictionary:
* fauve (noun masculine; plural fauves): "(by extension) beast, wild animal, especially fierce, aggressive, or predatory"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/fauve
(iv) realism (arts)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Realism_(arts)

(d) "One of the joyful works included in the exhibition is 'Luxury, Calm and Pleasure,' a title borrowed from the poet Baudelaire. Matisse completed it in 1904 after spending a summer in St Tropez working alongside the painter Paul Signac. Using Signac's trademark Divisionist technique, in which pigments of different colors are placed side by side on the canvas instead of being mixed together, Matisse created an idyll that embodied 'an art of balance, of purity and serenity, devoid of troubling or depressing subject-matter,' as he wrote in 'Notes.'  Still, Ms [exhibition's lead curator Aurélie] Verdier says, the result didn't entirely satisfy Matisse, because he saw that Divisionism was a creative dead end."
(i) Charles Baudelaire
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Baudelaire
(1821 – 1867; a French poet)
(ii) "Luxury, Calm and Pleasure" is the English translation of French title
Luxe, Calme et Volupté
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luxe,_Calme_et_Volupté
("The painting's title comes from the poem L'Invitation au voyage [English: An invitation to travel], from Charles Baudelaire's volume Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil)")
(iii) French-English dictionary:
* volupté  (noun feminine; borrowed from Latin [noun feminine] voluptās [pleasure]): "rich and intense pleasure, especially sexual pleasure"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/volupté
   ^ English: voluptuous (adj; from Latin voluptās): "If you describe a woman as voluptuous, you mean that she has large breasts and hips and is considered attractive in a sexual way")
   https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/voluptuous
* mal (noun masculine): "1: trouble, difficulty; 2: pain; 3: evil)"
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mal#French
(iv) The English noun invitation is borrowed from French noun feminine of the same spelling, which in turn came from Latin invitatio, past participle of Latin verb invitare invite.
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/invitation

(e) In "1911, when he produced four paintings -- 'The Pink Studio,' 'The Painter's Family,' 'The Red Studio' and 'Interior with Aubergines' -- that Alfred H Barr Jr, the first director of New York's Museum of Modern Art, dubbed 'symphonic interiors.' * * * 'Interior With Aubergines,' on a rare loan from the Musée de Grenoble"
(i) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_works_by_Henri_Matisse
(The Red Studio & Painter's Family (both of 1911) )
(ii) You may search images.google.com with "The Pink Studio" and "Interior with Aubergines"
(iii) English dictionary:
* aubergine (n; French, from Arabic): "chiefly British : EGGPLANT"
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/aubergine
(iv) Museum of Grenoble
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_of_Grenoble
(table: Established 1798; in the city of Grenoble [located at the foot of French Alps] )
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