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Taiwan's F-16 Crash-Landed in Honolulu

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发表于 6-7-2022 14:18:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
(1) John Feng, Military Jet Incident in Hawaii Points to US-Taiwan Cooperation. Newsweek, June 7, 2022.
https://www.newsweek.com/us-taiw ... et-accident-1713384
("A fighter jet's 'hard landing; at Honolulu airport this week * * * Runway R4 at Daniel K Inouye [US senator 1963-2012; Inouye is Japanese surname 井上 (pronounced in Japan i-no-u-e (same as Japanese yen, which in Japan is 円 en] International Airport in Hawaii was temporarily closed to air traffic after an F-16 fighter aircraft made an emergency landing at 2:45 pm local time on Monday [June 6], the Department of Transportation (DOT) said.  The Honolulu Star-Advertiser quoted DOT spokesperson Jai Cunningham as saying the jet was 'a visiting aircraft from a unit outside of Hawaii/'  The plane suffered minor damage and no injuries were reported")

Note:
(a) Many things between US and Taiwan, especially between militaries of the two, are shrouded. So, the only thing that is clear is this fighter jet departed from Luke Air Force Base, stopped in Hawaii en route to Taiwan. Hawaii is intended for resupply (of fuel and food) and for pilot to take a rest.
(i)
(A) Luke Air Force Bas
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luke_Air_Force_Base
("located 7 miles (6.1 nmi; 11 km) west of the central business district of Glendale [a city 9 miles (14 km) northwest of Downtown Phoenix, capital and most populous city of Arizona], in Maricopa County, Arizona")
(B) Glendale
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glendale
("is the anglicised version of the Gaelic Gleann Dail, which means valley of fertile, low-lying arable land")
(C) English dictionary:
* glen (n; borrowed from [Modern] Irish gleann and Scottish Gaelic gleann, Old and Middle Irish glenn mountain valley)
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/glen
* dale (n; from Old English [noun neuter] dæl valley)
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/dale
* dell (n; from Old English dell small dale)
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/dell

So Glendale simply repeats the same meaning twice: valley valley (absent "fertile" etc).
(ii) General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ge ... -16_Fighting_Falcon
(section 8 Specifications (F-16C Block 50 and 52): Performance:
"• Combat range: 295 nmi [nautical miles] (339 mi, 546 km) on a hi-lo-hi mission with 4 × 1,000 lb (454 kg) bombs[,]
• Ferry range: 2,277 nmi (2,620 mi, 4,217 km) with drop tanks")

Taiwan's are F-16A/Bs, sold by President George HW Bush in 1991.
(A) range (aeronautics)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Range_(aeronautics)

two consecutive paragraphs in introduction:

"Ferry range means the maximum range that a aircraft engaged in ferry flying can achieve. This usually means maximum fuel load, optionally with extra fuel tanks and minimum equipment. It refers to transport of aircraft without any passengers or cargo.

"Combat radius is a related measure based on the maximum distance a warplane can travel from its base of operations, accomplish some objective, and return to its original airfield with minimal reserves.

(B) What is Ferry Flight? Aero Link, Mar 2, 2021
https://www.aerolink.me/news/what-is-ferry-flight/
("A ferry flight, also known as positioning flight, generally refers to a non-revenue-generating flight operation that requires moving an aircraft from one place to another. One example is when an operator delivers an empty jet to its passenger who has ordered the plane for a charter journey. Even when there is no passenger on board, the plane has to be shipped to a location. Some operators would open up the journey for people who want to 'hitchhike' at a reduced fare. Hence, ferry flying a plane can double up its function as a charter flight that comes at a discounted fare")

This happens a lot in public transportation: buses with lights turned out and displaying "not in service" or "out of service."
(c) The report carries a tweet from Yoshi, who introduced himself as Japanese pilot working for American Airlines, who on his off time does surfing and repairs computers, that says, "F-16ノーズギアアップ着陸。
6/6/22 PHNL RWY 04R
(短いバージョン)"
(i) katakana:
* ノーズ  (n) nose
* ギア  (n) gear
* アップ  (adverb) up   
   ^ ギアアップ gear up ("gear" referring to landing gear; gear-up landing in both Japanese and English means belly lading
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belly_landing
, as opposed to, in Japanese but not in English, gear-down landing ギアダウン着陸 (ダウン down) in normal circumstances.
* バージョン  (n) version
(ii) English
* RWY  (n) runway
* Daniel K Inouye International Airport
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Da ... ternational_Airport
(IATA: HNL [for Honolulu], ICAO: PHNL -ICAO used four-letter code for airports; why P? I do not know and find nothing in the Web])
(d)
(i) landing gear
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landing_gear   
(section 1 Aircraft, section 1.1 Gear arrangements: two types; section 1.2 Retractable gear)
(ii) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ge ... -16_Fighting_Falcon
, where landing fear is displayed in a photo (caption: "F-16A display at the Museum of Aviation, Robins AFB") and a sketch (caption: "3-view drawing of F-16")






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 楼主| 发表于 6-7-2022 14:18:45 | 显示全部楼层
(2) 葉郁甫, 我國F-16將飛返台灣 鼻輪故障迫降夏威夷. MNews 鏡新聞, June 7, 2022
https://tw.news.yahoo.com/我國f-16將飛返台灣-鼻輪故障迫降夏威夷-125111048.html
("一架F-16戰機迫降在美國夏威夷檀香山機場的跑道上,機鼻碰地、雷達罩翹起,當地警消和車輛週圍戒備,就怕狀況擴大,不過尾翼上的編號機號817數字上方還有塗銷痕跡,這是我國空軍部署美國路克基地的F-16,原定降落夏威夷希肯基地,卻被攝影家拍下鼻輪放不出,因此在空中,機尾就放出捕捉鉤,最後靠著攔截鋼索跑道上,成功煞住")

Note:
(a) What is unclear is why this jet flew to Taiwan, What is known is F-16 upgrading 升級 to F016V, V for Vipers, is done in Taiwan by Taiwanese (as Taiwan desired), with American-made equipment.
(b) "Most modern designs place landing gear in the nose and under the wings, creating tricycle-designed nose gear."  from the Web.
(c) Why the Nose Landing Gear on Airplanes Retracts Forward. Melbourne, FL: OneMonroe Aerospace, Mar 28 2022
https://monroeaerospace.com/blog ... s-retracts-forward/
("Airplanes rely on landing gear to take off and land. * * * The wheels, of course, are typically retractable. * * *  There are dozens of different setups for landing gear. Nonetheless, the nose landing gear will often retract forward, whereas the rear landing gear around the wings will often retract backward. * * * The nose landing gear typically weighs less than the rear landing gear. There are usually fewer, as well as potentially smaller, wheels below the nose of an airplane than around the wings. * * * Because it weighs so much less, the nose landing gear may fail to retract backward. It will be exposed to the wind. Commercial airplanes can fly at speeds of up to 600 miles per hour. * * * Both the front and rear landing gear use hydraulic pressure to retract. They are connected to a hinge-like system that’s powered by pressurized gas or air. Hydraulic systems such as this can fail, however. * * * Forward-retracting landing gear leverage gravity, as well as the wind, to assist in retraction. If there's a problem with the hydraulics system, pilots can lower forward-retracting landing gear manually. The wind will essentially force the otherwise stuck landing gear to retract")
(d) Hickam Air Force Base
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hickam_Air_Force_Base   
("The base neighbors Daniel K. Inouye International Airport and currently shares runways with the airport for its activities and operations")
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