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Archaeological Finds in Indonesia

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发表于 9-13-2022 15:42:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
(1) BIG PICTURE.

Katie Hunt, Cave Discovery Shakes up Our Understanding of the Stone Age. CNN, Sept 12, 2022.
https://www.cnn.com/2022/09/10/w ... r-wt-scn/index.html

Note: About Dragon Man (Homo longi).
(a) "The specific name for H longi is derived from the geographic name Longjiang (literally 'Dragon River'), a term commonly used for the Chinese province Heilongjiang."  em.wikipedia.org for Homo longi.
(b) news:
Ann Gibbons, Stunning 'Dragon Man' Skull May Be an Elusive Denisovan—or a New Species of human; Scientists are excited—and puzzled—by new find from China. Science.org, June 25, 2021 (NOT published in the Science journal).
https://www.science.org/content/ ... r-new-species-human
(Unaware where the cranium was found exactly, "the researchers uncertain of its geological context")

There is no need to read the news, as the first link next had the discovery story.
(c) three articles:  Innovation, 2: 100130, 10031 and 10032 (Aug 28, 2021), where Innovation is the name of a new journal, 2 the volume number, and 10030 and so on are article id numbers of the three articles.
https://www.cell.com/the-innovation/fulltext/S2666-6758(21)00055-2
        (or https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8454562/  )
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8454624/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8454552/
(d) article No 100130
https://www.cell.com/the-innovation/fulltext/S2666-6758(21)00055-2
(a section heading "Supplemental information" which, at Web page 7, stated:

"Story of the discovery[:] The Harbin cranium reported in this paper was allegedly discovered in 1933. A man (kept anonymous by his family), who worked for the Japanese occupiers as a labour contractor, discovered the cranium when his team of workers were constructing a bridge for the Japanese near Harbin City in northeastern China. The bridge was later named as Dongjiang Bridge. The man was shrewd and realized the potential value of the discovery, probably because the discovery of the first Peking Man cranium in 1929 had attracted huge interest in China. Instead of passing the cranium to his Japanese boss, he buried it in an abandoned well, a traditional Chinese method of concealing treasures. After the establishment of the modern Chinese republic, the man returned to farming and did his best to hide his experience as a labour contractor working for the Japanese invaders. With his difficult life experience, the man never had a chance to re-excavate his secret treasure. The cranium thus remained unknown to the public and science for decades, but it survived the Japanese invasion, the civil war, the communist movement, the cultural revolution, and rampant fossil dealing in recent years. The third generation of the man’s family learnt of his secret discovery before his death and recovered the fossil in 2018. The corresponding author (Qiang Ji [季强]) learnt of the cranium, and successfully
persuaded the family to donate the specimen to the Geoscience Museum of Hebei GEO University [河北地质大学 地球科学博物馆].


(2) The amputation.
(a) news (I do not know why, but both news pieces below seem to appear in Nature):
(i) Charlotte Ann Roberts (professor emeritus of Durham Univ, England), Earliest Known Surgery Was of a Child in Borneo 31,000 Years Ago. Nature, _: _  (ONLINE publication Sept 7, 2022)
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-022-02340-4
is locked paywall. But it is OK.
(ii) McKenzie Prillaman, Prehistoric Child's Amputation is Oldest Surgery of Its Kind. Nature, _: _  (online publication Sept 7, 2022)
https://www.scientificamerican.c ... urgery-of-its-kind/
("Cécile Buquet-Marcon, a bio-archaeologist at the French National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research in Paris who, in 2007, described the amputation of a person's limb that had occurred 7,000 years ago, which was at the time the oldest known evidence of this type of surgery")

Buquet-Marcon C et al, The Oldest Amputation on a Neolithic Human Skeleton in France. Nature Proceedings, _: _ (2007).
https://www.nature.com/articles/npre.2007.1278.1
(b) the article:
Maloney TR et al, Surgical Amputation of a Limb 31,000 Years Ago in Borneo. Nature, _: _  (online publication Sept 7, 2022)
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-022-05160-8


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