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Queen Elizabeth Lying in State and State Funeral

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发表于 9-19-2022 14:53:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 choi 于 9-19-2022 15:23 编辑

(1) an overview:

death and state funeral of Elizabeth II
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De ... ral_of_Elizabeth_II
(a) A photo in this page has the caption that reads: "Elizabeth II lying in state at Westminster Hall."
(i) Palace of Westminster
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palace_of_Westminster
("Its name, which derives from the neighbouring Westminster Abbey, may refer to several historic structures but most often: the Old Palace, a medieval building-complex largely destroyed by fire in 1834, or its replacement, the New Palace that stands today. The palace is owned by the Crown"/ section 3 Interior, section 3.11 Westminster Hall: "The roof was probably originally supported by pillars, giving three aisles, but during the reign of King Richard II, this was replaced by a hammerbeam roof by the royal carpenter Hugh Herland * * * which allowed the original three aisles to be replaced with a single huge open space, with a dais at the end. The new roof was commissioned in 1393")

Pay attention to a photo and two sketches in section 3.11 for "hammerbeam roof."
(A) Westminster Hall's is "The world's first Hammerbeam roof." from the Web.
(B) The Hammer-Beam Roof. UK Parliament, undated
https://www.parliament.uk/about/ ... -hammer-beam-roof-/
("The magnificent hammer-beam roof of Westminster Hall is the largest medieval timber roof in Northern Europe. Measuring 20.7 by 73.2 metres (68 by 240 feet)")
(C) timber roof truss
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timber_roof_truss
(section 2 Closed truss: "Closed truss: A truss with a tie beam * * * Open truss: A truss with an interrupted tie beam or scissor truss which allow a vaulted ceiling area"/ section 3 Open trusses)

At the top of this page is an illustration of "two king post trusses," which uses terminology such as "principal rafters" and "common rafters" without explaining them. At section 2 Closed truss. section 2.1 King post truss, the illustration. sketch mentions "principal rafters." View Rafter. Design Buildings; The construction wiki, undated
https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/Rafter
("The most common types of rafter include:
• Principal rafter: Usually the largest type of rafter located at the ends of a roof structure.
• Common rafter: Smaller rafters located in between the principals at both ends")

Brice Cochran, The 5 Basic Timber Frame Trusses. Timber Frame Headquarters, undated.
https://timberframehq.com/timber-frame-trusses/
Here, you see the difference between king post truss and queen post truss.
(D) In "hammerbeam roof," the hammerneam is a noun modifier and one word; "hammer beam" is a noun and made of two words. It is called "hammer beam" because the vertical and (short) horizontal members together looks like a hammer.

A pair of hammer beams is "an interrupted tie beam."

"Another notable characteristic of Perpendicular Gothic is hammerbeam roofs." from the Web.

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 楼主| 发表于 9-19-2022 15:24:05 | 显示全部楼层
(b)  
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De ... ral_of_Elizabeth_II

Beneath the photo described in (1)(a) is a map with caption: "The route of the Queue along the River Thames. The front is in Westminster Hall (left), and at its greatest extend the back is in Southwark Park (right)."

The pertinent text is at section 4 State funeral, section 4.2 Service and processions: "On the day of the funeral, the coffin was moved from Westminster Hall at 10:44 to Westminster Abbey on the State Gun Carriage of the Royal Navy * * * The coffin arrived at Westminster Abbey at 10:52. * * * At 12:15, the coffin was taken in a procession from Westminster Abbey to Wellington Arch on the State Gun Carriage * * * The hearse left London for Windsor at 13:37 * * * The coffin [still in carriage] arrived in [Town of] Windsor at 15:00. A final procession [on foot] occurred at Albert Road and via the Long Walk to St George's Chapel"


(2)
(a) The procession with Queen Elizabeth II coffin proceeded along the Long Walk of Windsor Great Park.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windsor_Great_Park
(section 3 Features, section 3.1 The Long Walk + section 3.2 The Copper Horse)

The Long Walk starts at The Copper Horse and ends at Windsor Caste gate (no name for this gate).
(b) However, the procession on foot does not travel the entire Long Walk.  

Laura Elston, Crown to Be Removed and White Staff Broken at Queen's Committal Service. Independence, Sept 18, 2022.
https://www.independent.co.uk/ne ... othic-b2170026.html
("The ceremonial breaking of the white staff signifies the end of his service to the Queen as sovereign")
(i) View the second photo.
(A) Shaw Farm Gate is one of many gates in Windsor Great Park.
(B) "Shaw Farm Gate is next to Frogmore House" from the Web.

Frogmore House
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frogmore_House
("owned by the Crown Estate")
(C) "Windsor Castle is situated 1¼ miles north of Shaw Farm Gate." from the Web.
(ii) What is committal service or ceremony?
(A) committal (n): "British  Committal is the process of officially sending someone to a prison or to hospital"
https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/committaliii
(B) Queen Elizabeth Laid to Rest, Remembered for 'Life of Unstinting Service.' Associated Press, Sept 19, 2022
https://www.cbc.ca/news/world/queen-elizabeth-funeral-1.6587095
("At the committal ceremony the Imperial State Crown and the sovereign's orb and sceptre [or staff] were removed from the coffin and placed on the altar — separating the Queen from her crown for the last time")
(c) Gaby Reucher, Queen Elizabeth's final resting place — St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle. DW, Sept 19, 2022.
https://www.dw.com/en/queen-eliz ... r-castle/a-57226853


(3) Windsor Castle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windsor_Castle
(a) The top photo has the caption: "Upper Ward and Round Tower viewed from the Long Walk in Windsor Great Park." This gate at teh end of the Long Walk is without a name.
(b) A map in this Wiki page has the caption: "Plan of Windsor Castle," where G is St George's chapel.
(c) Section 1 Architecture, section 1.1 Middle Ward: "At the heart of Windsor Castle is the Middle Ward, a bailey [the courtyard within castle wall] formed around the motte or artificial hill in the centre of the ward. The motte is 50 feet (15 m) high and is made from chalk originally excavated from the surrounding ditch. The keep, called the Round Tower, on the top of the motte * * * "

Both motte and moat (two English nouns) came from the same Old French word (and hence are called a doublet or a cognate in linguistics).
(d) Further down the Wiki page is a photo with caption: "Aerial view of the castle from the south: from left to right, the Lower Ward, the Middle Ward and Round Tower, the Upper Ward and East Terrace garden, with the Long Walk in the lower right hand corner [5 o'clock]. The River Thames can be seen in the upper left of the picture."

(4)
(a) Queen Elizabeth II Lowered into the Royal Vault. ABC News, Sept 19, 2022.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mMUjK9k_5eg
(b) Lauren Said-Moorhouse and Christian Edwards, Why the Royal Vault Isn't the Queen's Final Resting Place. CNN, Sept 19, 2022.
https://www.cnn.com/2022/09/19/u ... intl-gbr/index.html

Quote:

(i) "At the service's conclusion, the Queen's coffin was lowered into the Royal Vault -- the resting place of many past monarchs. Below the chapel lie King George III, IV and V, William IV and others. Last year Prince Philip, the Queen's husband, was also laid to rest there.

(ii) "However, the vault was not her final resting place. Later on Monday [Sept 19] evening, a private burial service was due to be held for the royal family, when the Queen is to be relocated to the King George VI Memorial Chapel. Here the Queen's coffin will join those of her parents, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.

"The coffin of Prince Philip will also be relocated, so that the Queen can be laid to rest alongside her beloved husband of 73 years.

"Although it is closed for Monday's private ceremony, ordinarily the Chapel is open to the public, meaning Britons can visit the Queen's final resting place to pay their respects.

(c) St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_George%27s_Chapel,_Windsor_Castle
(section 6 Burials, section 6.5 King George VI Memorial Chapel)

(5)
(a) Queen's coffin was covered with
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ro ... _the_United_Kingdom

On Sept 8, 2022 she died at Balmoral Castle in Scotland. While in Scotland, her coffin was covered with Scottish version of the royal standard. Arriving in England, the stand became England's version.
(b) Royal Standard. The Royal Family, undated.
https://www.royal.uk/royal-standard

attitude (heraldry)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attitude_(heraldry)
(section 2 Attitudes of beasts, section 2.1 Rampant _ section 2.2 Passant)

(6)
(a) Princess Charlotte, 7, to (her brother) Prince George, 9: "You need to bow": on royal protocol as the Queen's coffin went past after funeral service at Westminster Abbey on royal protocol as the Queen's coffin went past after funeral service at Westminster Abbey.

Michelle Kapusta, What Princess Charlotte Had to Remind Her Big Brother Prince George to Do During Queen Elizabeth's Funeral. Showbiz CheatSheet, Sept 19, 2022 (video)
https://www.cheatsheet.com/enter ... beths-funeral.html/
(b) Claudia Aoraha, 'Drunk' Canadian PM Trudeau is slammed as a 'tone deaf embarrassment' for singing Queen's Bohemian Rhapsody at London hotel before Elizabeth II's state funeral. Daily Mail.cp.uk, Sept 19, 2022/
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news ... Queens-funeral.html
(i) Bohemian Rhapsody
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemian_Rhapsody
("a song by the British rock band Queen from their fourth album, A Night at the Opera (1975)" )

The name of the band is "Queen."
(ii) The above Wiki is too lengthy.

"The outro of 'Bohemia Rhapsody' is a solemn realization that nothing really matters." from the Web.
(iii) outro (n; First Known Use 1967; bland of "out" and "intro"): "a short, distinct closing section at the end of something (such as a piece of music, a performance, or a news report)"
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/outro

Read the lyrics, which toward the end does say, "Nothing really matters."

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