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Rembrandt's Home Revitalized

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发表于 5-5-2023 12:50:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 choi 于 5-6-2023 12:24 编辑

Diane Cole, Rembrandt's Home Revitalized; The Dutch master’s new;y reopened studio-home is an elegant, transporting museum. Wall Street Journal, Apr 27, 2023, at page A17.
https://www.wsj.com/articles/rem ... evitalized-db5de2b8
https://www.msn.com/en-ca/money/ ... talized/ar-AA1aoaCJ

Note:
(a) "Johannes Vermeer [1632 – 1675] * * * his great contemporary, Rembrandt van Rijn * * * the newly reopened and revamped Rembrandt House Museum, where he lived and worked for close to 20 years. * * * The stately three-story red-brick building was erected in 1606 * * * His wife, Saskia, died here in 1642, just nine months after the birth of their son Titus"
(i) Rembrandt House Museum
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rembrandt_House_Museum
("Between 1639 and 1658, the house was occupied by the well-known Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn")
(ii) Rembrandt van Rijn
(A) Rembrandt (given name)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rembrandt_(given_name)

This Wiki page does not provide pronunciation of this given name, but another Wiki page (on the very Rembrandt van Rijn) does:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rembrandt)
(B) van Rijn
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Rijn
• How to pronounce Rijn?  
English dictionary:
* Rhine
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Rhine
(pronunciations for German, French and Dutch spellings -- the last being Rijn)
• Rhine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhine
(section 1 Name)
• Dutch alphabet, or, as en.wikipedia.org calls it (orthography is not limited to Dutch; en.wikipedia.org seems to avoid "alphabet" and identifies English alphabet as "English orthography" but "written Chinese"), Dutch orthography
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_orthography

In Dutch:
the letter j (just the same in German language) is pronounced like y in English.
"The letter 'y' is not used in originally Dutch words; it only appears in borrowed words, eg baby, derby, and lyceum."  from the Web.
Pay attention, in the preceding Wiki page, to the letter "ij," which is a vowel -- a diphthong, to be exact – which is pronounced, to make it SIMPLE, like eye in English.

In linguistics, there is this term "phonetic language," of which English is not one.
"Some languages are 'phonetic. That means you can look at a written word and know how to pronounce it. Or you can hear a word and know how to spell it. With phonetic languages, there is a direct relationship between the spelling and the sound."  from the Web.
"Spanish, Russian, German, and Korean are very phonetic languages."  from the Web.
"Dutch is a phonetic language."  from the Web.
(iii) Saskia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saskia
("is a Germanic feminine given name. * * * it originally meant 'a Saxon woman' (metathesis [here meaning reversing 'ks' in x to 'ks'] of [another Germanic feminine given name] 'Saxia')

Saxia is said to be derived from Sax, Middle English proper noun, whose Modern English descendant is Saxon (a member of the tribe that came to England).
(iv) Titus (praenomen)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titus_(praenomen)


(b) "creation of masterpieces like 'The Night Watch' "
(i) Do not read the en.wikipedia.org for this painting, which does not explain "daylight" in that page, despite the title of the painting.

That Wikipedia.org does say, "It is in the collection of the Amsterdam Museum but is prominently displayed in the Rijksmuseum [national museum, also located in Amsterdam] as the best-known painting in its collection."

About Us. Amsterdam Museum, undated
https://www.amsterdammuseum.nl/en/info/about-us
("The Amsterdam Museum, founded in 1926, is an innovative city museum")
(ii) Experience the Night Watch. Rijksmuseum, undated.
https://nightwatchexperience.com/en/

Dutch-English dictionary:
* rijk (noun neuter): "a realm * * * ruled by a monarch
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/rijk
(iii) Wendy Schaller, Rembrandt, The Night Watch. Khan Academy, undated.
https://www.khanacademy.org/huma ... ndt-the-night-watch
(A) Kloveniersdoelen, Amsterdam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kloveniersdoelen,_Amsterdam
(section 2 Painting)

Quote: "The companies of kloveniers [Dutch for musketeers] were armed with an early type of musket known as an arquebus, known in Dutch as a * * * klover (from the French couleuvrine), hence the name kloveniers. * * * The Kloveniersdoelen was one of three doelens (shooting ranges) for the Amsterdam schutterij (civic guard). The other two shooting ranges were the Handboogdoelen and Voetboogdoelen")

Click the two and you will know what the first part of these two words mean in Dutch.


(c) a modern wing was added next door, affording exhibition space, a gift shop and lobby entry to the restored house itself"

Rembrandt House Museum
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rembrandt_House_Museum
(photo)

(d) "The Art of Drawing: 74 Drawings by Rembrandt, Bol, Maes and Others"
(i) Ferdinand Bol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Bol
(ii) Nicolaes Maes
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolaes_Maes

(e) "Rembrandt’s tender portrait 'Titus at His Desk,' painted here in 1655 and on loan from Rotterdam's Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen"
(i) Titus at a Lectern
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titus_at_a_Lectern
(ii) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_Boijmans_Van_Beuningen
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